The Carburetors on a 426 Hemi

The 426 Hemi is probably the most talked about engine in the Chrysler family. One of the topics coming up in conversation is the carburetion. Some people ask, how many carburetors did the 426 Hemi have?

The 426 Hemi had two four barrel carburetors made by the brand Carter. Each Carter AFB carburetor was rated at 625 cfm and was mounted inline, one in front of the other. These carburetors were used on all street Hemi engines from 1966 to 1971.

This article will discuss the carburetors in more detail including part numbers for each year. In addition, find out how the carburetors actually worked.

426 Hemi Carburetors

The company brand Carter made all the 426 street Hemi carburetors from the first year in 1966 all the way through to the last year in 1971.

The letters AFB mean aluminum four barrel.

The part numbers for each year are different. The front carb has the same part number for an automatic or manual car. The rear one has a different part number, one for a manual and one for an automatic.

426 Hemi Carburetors

The following are the 426 Hemi Carter carburetor part numbers for each year:

1966

  • 4139S Front
  • 4140S Rear

1967

  • 4139S Front
  • 4343S Rear
1967 426 Hemi rear carburetor.
1967 426 Hemi rear carburetor with a late build date.

1968 Manual

  • 4430S Front
  • 4431S Rear

1968 Automatic

  • 4430S Front
  • 4432S Rear

1969 Manual

  • 4619S Front
  • 4620S Rear

1969 Automatic

  • 4619S Front
  • 4621S Rear
1969 426 Hemi front carburetor with a January 1969 build date.

1970 Manual

  • 4742S Front
  • 4745S Rear

1970 Automatic

  • 4742S Front
  • 4746S Rear

1971 Manual

  • 4971S Front
  • 4969S Rear

1971 Automatic

  • 4971S Front
  • 4970S Rear
1967 426 Hemi rear carburetor for California.
1967 426 Hemi rear carburetor for California.

California Part Numbers

  • 4137S 1966 Automatic California
  • 4136S 1966 Manual California
  • 4324 1967 Front California
  • 4402S 1967 Automatic Rear California
  • 4325 1967 Manual Rear California

The part numbers are stamped into the base on the front, left side.

426 Hemi carburetors from the right (passenger) side.
426 Hemi carburetors from the right (passenger) side.

Find out about the mythical 426 Hemi DOHC in my article, The 426 Hemi Dual Overhead Cam Engine – The “Doomsday Hemi”

Hemi Carter AFB Build Dates

Depending on the year, the earlier carbs have a build date directly underneath the part number. The later ones have the build date to the left of the part number.

The build date consists of a letter and a number. The letter indicates the month and the number indicates the last number of the year.

The letter I was skipped to avoid someone confusing it with the number 1. The letters in the build date represent the following months:

  • A= January
  • B= February
  • C= March
  • D= April
  • E= May
  • F= June
  • G= July
  • H= August
  • J= September
  • K= October
  • L= November
  • M= December

The numbers in the build date represent the following:

  • 6= 1966
  • 7= 1967
  • 8= 1968
  • 9= 1969
  • 0= 1970
  • 1= 1971

The following are some examples of build dates and what they mean:

  • J8 indicates September 1968
  • A9 indicates January 1969
  • F9 indicates June 1969
  • C6 indicates March 1966

Find out why the Hemi was banned twice in my article, Why the 426 Hemi was Banned From Nascar.

426 Hemi carburetors and progressive linkage.
426 Hemi carburetors and progressive linkage. Rear carb is to the right.

How the 426 Hemi Carburetors Operate

The 426 Hemi carb linkage is progressive. The rear carburetor is considered the primary carburetor. It has the throttle linkage connected to it. A light, quick tap of the gas pedal will only open the rear carburetor.

The front carburetors are considered the secondary and are attached to the rear carb with a progressive linkage bar. When the throttle is opened up past a certain point, the linkage will open the front carb also.

The secondary carb (front) is not vacuum operated like the outboards on a Six Pack setup.

This can clearly be seen in the video below as the engine is opened up to full throttle during a dyno test.

Read up on the last year of the 426 Hemi and what cars it came in. Check out my other article, The Last Year of the 426 Hemi.

To watch the linkage, fast forward to 11:30. You can watch it from the rear and then directly above.

The car idles off the primary and secondary, not just the rear (primary) one. For the 1966 and 1967 carbs, there is no idle adjustment screw. From 1968 to 1971, there is an adjustment screw.

Both the front and rear have idle mixture screws. The front carb’s idle mixture screws are plugged after 1967 (1968-1971).

The front (secondary) carb has mixture screws to provide fuel to the forward cylinders to prevent a lean mixture.

The dual floats are adjusted by taking the carb apart. It cannot be adjusted from the outside like a Holley.

The idle is adjusted using the mixture screws and the idle adjustments screws.

The carbs have primary and secondary jets and metering rods.

Find out all the cars which came with the 426 Hemi in my article, What Cars Had the 426 Hemi: Street and Race Hemis.

More Hemi Carburetor Facts

  • Both carburetors have their own throttle return spring.
  • The rear carburetor has the automatic choke.
  • The linkage is on the driver’s side.
  • The fuel lines attach on the passenger side.
  • Each carb has two floats, one on each side.
  • Each one has an accelerator pump.

Check out all the Hemi engines produced prior to the 426 in my article, Hemi Engines Made Before the 426 Hemi.

426 Hemi carburetors taken apart and rebuilt.

Read More 426 Hemi Articles!

How Fast is a 426 Hemi? 1/4 Mile & 0-60 Results

426 Hemi Horsepower and Torque – Rated and Real HP

How Much An Original 426 Hemi Car is Worth: Recent Prices

426 Hemi Specifications – Complete Engine Specs

What Makes the 426 Hemi So Special

What Hemi Means in an Engine: Generation 1, 2 and 3 Hemis

The Worth of a 426 Hemi Engine

The First Year of the 426 Hemi

Transmissions a 426 Hemi Used

Why the 426 Hemi is Called the Elephant Engine

Carter Carburetor Factory where 426 Hemi carburetors were produced.
Carter Carburetor Factory where 426 Hemi carburetors were produced.

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