The Difference Between a 426 Street Hemi and a 426 Race Hemi

The 426 race Hemi came before the 426 street versions. To make the race engine more streetable, changes had to be made. Many people ask me how they differ. Let’s examine the differences between the two engines.

The differences between a 426 Street and race Hemi are the street version’s lower compression ratio of 10.25:1 compared to 12.5:1, and a lower lift camshaft. The street Hemi had two four barrel Carter carburetors while the race Hemi had one or two four barrel Holley carburetors. The sweet version had regular exhaust manifolds instead of headers.

Additional differences:

  • The street Hemi carburetors were mounted inline while the dual four barrel carburetors on the race Hemi were mounted across from each other.
  • The street Hemi had a heat riser from the exhaust manifold to the intake manifold to allow heat during engine warmup.
  • The most visual difference was the black wrinkle painted valve covers on the street engine compared to the race version’s chrome finish.
  • The 1965 NHRA race Hemi switched to aluminum cylinder heads, while the street version always had cast iron.
  • The front left street cylinder head had a slight inward curve to make room for the power steering pump. This curve was absent on the race head.
  • The front right race cylinder head had an inward curve on the intake side for distributor clearance. This curve was absent on the street head.
  • The street engine had bigger spark plug tube covers to repel water experienced during inclement weather.
  • Due to the lower compression ratio, lower lift camshaft and exhaust manifolds, the street Hemi had less horsepower than the race Hemi.

This article will take a closer look at these differences including side-by-side photos. In addition, a few less obvious differences which didn’t affect performance but were necessary for the street engine.

The following specifications were learned from my personal experience and research, Mopar engine manuals, books and articles.

A photo of a 426 Street Hemi and a 426 Race Hemi
On Left 426 Street Hemi On Right 426 Race Hemi

The Differences Between the 426 Race Hemi Engines

To examine the differences between the street and race versions, first a clarification needs to be made about the race Hemi.

There were two Race Hemis developed, one for Nascar and one for the NHRA. The Nascar one, aka Track Hemi, had one four barrel carburetor. This was to satisfy the Nascar regulations for carburetors.

The NHRA version, aka Drag Hemi, had two four barrel carburetors mounted across from each other. They were mounted on a cross ram intake manifold.

426 NHRA Race Hemi
426 NHRA Race Hemi

Another difference between the two was the cylinder heads. In 1965 the NHRA version switched from cast iron to aluminum heads.

Since Chrysler didn’t run in Nascar during the start of 1965, there was no Track version of the race engine in the beginning of the year.

Other than those two differences, the Race Hemis were basically the same with slightly different camshaft lifts and durations. The track Hemi cam was a little more aggressive.

426 Nascar Race Hemi
426 Nascar Race Hemi

Find out why the Hemi was banned twice in my article, Why the 426 Hemi was Banned From Nascar.

The Differences Between the Street and Race Engines

426 Race Hemi426 Street Hemi
Cubic inches426426
Cylinders88
BlockCast ironCast iron
Compression ratio12.5:110.25:1
Cylinder headsSteel (1964)
Aluminum
Steel
Cylinder head designHemisphericalHemispherical
Valves2.25 Intake
1.94 Exhaust
2.25 Intake
1.94 Exhaust
Carburetors(1) 4 barrel (Nascar)
(2) 4 barrels (NHRA)
(2) 4 barrels
Intake manifoldCross ramInline
Exhaust manifoldsHeadersRegular manifolds
Valve coversChrome finishBlack finish
426 Race Hemi and Street Hemi Specifications from the Chrysler engine service manual.

The main reason for the differences was to allow the following:

  • The street version to require less maintenance.
  • Use gasoline from any gas station.
  • To run efficiently during any traffic conditions and cold weather.

Of course each of the two engines had a different sound and idle. The street version has a much smoother idle due to its less aggressive camshaft. Both Race Hemis have a choppy idle.

The first time I heard a street Hemi I was in awe. It was in a ’67 GTX next to us at a stoplight. We tried to stay at the same pace of that car for as long as possible. Hearing the engine at idle and revving up through the gears was a special sound. It’s a moment I’ll never forget.

The following is a detailed explanation of all the differences.

Compression Ratio

The race Hemi had a compression ratio of 12.5″1. This is too high for an engine on pump gasoline.

Therefore, the street version received lower compression pistons lowering the ratio down to 10.25:1.

426 Street Hemi
426 Street Hemi

Camshaft/Valve Springs

The lift and duration were lowered for the street Hemi to make it more streetable. The milder camshaft allowed for better low-end response for most driving conditions.

For this reason different valve springs were used between the two engines.

Even the two Race Hemis had slightly different camshaft lifts and durations.

426 Race Hemi
“Track”
426 Race Hemi
“Drag”
426 Hemi
Street
Camshaft Lift1964-65: .540″
1966: .565″
1964: .520″
1965: .540″
1966-67: .467″ Int/.473″ Ex
1968-71: .484″ Int/.475″ Ex
Camshaft Duration1964-65: 312 degrees
1966: 328 degrees
1964: 300 degrees
1965: 312 degrees
1966-67: 276 degrees
1968-71: 284 degrees
Camshaft specifications for the race and street Hemi engines.

The cams were either made by Isky or Racer Brown.

Find out the camshaft’s actual lift and duration for all the years in my article, 426 Hemi Specifications – Complete Engine Specs.

Carburetors and Intake Manifold

The race Hemi for Nascar (Track Hemi) had one four barrel Holley carburetor. This was to satisfy the Nascar regulations for carburetors.

426 Nascar Race Hemi intake manifold
426 Nascar Race Hemi intake manifold

The engine for NHRA (Drag Hemi) had two four barrel carburetors mounted across from each other on a cross ram intake manifold. The cross ram was aluminum in 1964 and switched to magnesium in 1965.

Left 426 Street Hemi intake manifold Right 426 Race Hemi intake manifold
Left 426 Street Hemi intake manifold Right 426 Race Hemi intake manifold

The street Hemi had two four barrel Carter carburetors mounted inline (tandem) with each other. They were mounted on a dual plane aluminum intake manifold.

Learn more about the carburetors in my article, The Carburetors on a 426 Hemi.

Exhaust Manifolds

The Race Hemis used a higher performance header design.

The street Hemi has regular exhaust manifolds but was designed with less restrictive air flow than a traditional exhaust manifold found on other cars.

The right side (passenger) exhaust manifold had two heat riser tubes leading from a coiled bi-metallic heat valve up to the intake manifold.

426 Street Hemi exhaust manifolds
426 Street Hemi exhaust manifolds

The tubes entered the rear of the intake manifold to a chamber underneath the rear (primary) carburetor. Once the engine reached operating temperature, the valve would close blocking the heat from rising up the tube.

The heat riser was absent from the racing version.

Cylinder Heads

The race Hemi had cast iron cylinder heads in 1964 but switched to aluminum cylinder heads in 1965. The street Hemi always had cast iron heads.

The cylinder heads for both had a slightly different shape.

The left front street head had a small inward curve to allow extra clearance for the power steering pump upper housing and fill cap.

The Race Hemi head has no inward curve, it’s straight shown in the picture below.

Comparing the front left cylinder of a Street Hemi right to the Race Hemi left
Comparing the front left cylinder of a Street Hemi right to the Race Hemi left

The right front racing head had an inward curve on the intake side to allow for more distributor clearance.

The street head is straight with no curve shown in the picture below.

Comparing the right front cylinder head of the Street Hemi right to the race Hemi left
Comparing the right front cylinder head of the Street Hemi right to the race Hemi left

Everyone knows about Hemi cylinder heads but what does it really mean? Find out in my article, What Hemi Means in an Engine: Generation 1, 2 and 3 Hemis.

Valve Covers (Rocker arm covers)

Since the cylinder heads had different shapes as described above, the valve covers and the gaskets used for sealing, also have different shapes.

The shapes are subtle but do exist, and the parts and gaskets cannot interchange with each other.

426 Race Hemi top and Street Hemi bottom valve cover comparison
426 Race Hemi top and Street Hemi bottom valve cover comparison

Another difference is the color and finish. The race covers are chrome and the street versions are painted with a black wrinkle finish.

For me, the first thing I ever noticed while seeing a Hemi for the first time was the valve covers. While other Mopar big blocks had the same color valve covers as the block, the black Hemi ones were a sharp contrast to the orange colored heads and blocks.

The color difference drew more attention to the huge Hemi head, like it didn’t need it already.

426 Street Hemi bottom black finish valve cover 426 Race Hemi top chrome finish valve cover comparison
426 Street Hemi bottom black finish valve cover 426 Race Hemi top chrome finish valve cover

Spark Plug Tube Cover

The spark plug tube covers that meet with the valve covers are different. The street covers are wider and seal more of an area against the valve cover to repel water.

Therefore, if you dare drive your million dollar street Hemi in the rain or snow, you can be assured your spark plug tubes will probably remain dry.

Any questions or if you have more information you’d like to contribute, send us an email found on our contact page.

Interested in More 426 Hemi Tidbits? Check out these related articles

What Cars Had the 426 Hemi: Street and Race Hemis

How Fast is a 426 Hemi? 1/4 Mile & 0-60 Results

The 426 Hemi vs the 440 Six Pack: Which is Faster?

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